The example of training compensation calculation – the amount which must be paid to footballer’s training club when signing first professional contract with another club.
As a general rule, to calculate the training compensation due to a player’s former club(s), it is necessary to take the costs that would have been incurred by the new club if it had trained the player itself.
Accordingly, the first time a player registers as a professional, the training compensation payable is calculated by taking the training costs of the new club multiplied by the number of years of training, in principle from the season of the player’s 12th birthday to the season of his 21st birthday. In the case of subsequent transfers, training compensation is calculated based on the training costs of the new club multiplied by the number of years of training with the former club.
To ensure that training compensation for very young players is not set at unreasonably high levels, the training costs for players for the seasons between their 12th and 15th birthdays (i.e. four seasons) shall be based on the training and education costs of category 4 clubs. This exception shall, however, not be applicable where the event giving rise to the right to training compensation (cf. Annexe 4 article 2, paragraph 1) occurs before the end of the season of the player’s 18th birthday.
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Special provisions for the EU/EEA
For players moving from one association to another inside the territory of the EU/EEA, the amount of training compensation payable shall be established based on the following:
- If the player moves from a lower to a higher category club, the calculation shall be based on the average training costs of the two clubs.
- If the player moves from a higher to a lower category, the calculation shall be based on the training costs of the lower-category club.
- Inside the EU/EEA, the final season of training may occur before the season of the player’s 21st birthday if it is established that the player completed his training before that time.
- If the former club does not offer the player a contract, no training compensation is payable unless the former club can justify that it is entitled to such compensation. The former club must offer the player a contract in writing via registered post at least 60 days before the expiration of his current contract. Such an offer shall furthermore be at least of an equivalent value to the current contract. This provision is without prejudice to the right to training compensation of the player’s previous club(s).
An example calculation:
Let’s say he moves to Bayern Munchen in the summer at the age of 18 and signs a professional contract. Bayern Munchen is UEFA Category 1 club and Domžale is UEFA Category 3 club. The sum Bayern would have to pay to Domžale is:
- 40.000€ (4 x 10.000€) – Category 4 times four seasons from his 12th to 15th birthday.
- 180.000€ (3 x (90.000€ + 30.000€)/2) – average training costs of the two clubs for the seasons of his 16th, 17th and 18th birthday.
The amount of training compensation Bayern would have to pay to Domžale would be 220.000€.
Let’s say he moves to Bayern Munchen in the summer at the age of 17:
When it comes to transfers before a player reaches 18, the training costs are based on the category of their club. Therefore:
- 360.000€ (6 x (90.000€ + 30.000€)/2) – average training costs of the two clubs for all of the six seasons
The FIFA Disciplinary Committee may impose disciplinary measures on clubs or players that do not observe the obligations set out in this annexe.
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